Article 1. To approve the Scheme on “the
preservation and promotion of cultural identities of indigenous peoples, and
the restoration and development of traditional craft villages associated with
tourism activities in Lam Dong Province in the 2018-2020 period with
orientation to 2030” (attached the detailed scheme).
Article 2. Head of the Office of the People's Committee of the
Province; Directors of
Departments of: Culture, Sports, and Tourism; Finance; Planning and Investment;
Industry and Trade; Agriculture and Rural Development; Ethnic Committee of the
province; Heads of provincial departments, agencies, and units, and chairmen of the People's Committees of
districts and cities in the province are responsible to implement this Decision
from the date of signing for promulgation./.
- The Ministry of Culture, Sports, and
- Standing members of the Province’s People’s Committee and the Province People’s Council;
- Chairman and Vice Chairmen of the
Province’s People’s Committee;
- Department of Propaganda and Training, The
Provincial Commission for Mass Mobilisation;
- As Article 2;
- The Province’s Web Portal; the Province’s
- Lam Dong Television Station, Lam Dong
- Head of the Office of the Province’s
- Archived: VT,
BEHALF OF THE CHAIRMAN
Phan Van Da
THE PEOPLE’S COMMITTEE OF LAM DONG PROVINCE
SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness
On “the preservation and promotion of cultural identities of indigenous
peoples, and the restoration and development of traditional craft villages
associated with tourism activities in Lam Dong Province in the 2018-2020 period
with orientation to 2030”
(Attached with Decision no. 450/QD-UBND dated March 6th,
2018 by the People’s Committee of Lam Dong Province)
THE FIRST PART:
ethnic minority culture is a constituent part of the rich Vietnamese culture,
bearing the national identity. In the trend of integration and development,
different cultural flows penetrate the social life in ethnic minority areas,
affecting the traditional culture of ethnic minority people, threatening to
fade their identity. Consequently, the preservation and promotion of ethnic
minority culture is an urgent and strategic task that needs to be implemented
continuously and permanently.
life, customs and traditions, production, cultivation, festivals, costumes,
architecture, patterns, etc. are unique cultural values and extremely important
for the spiritual life of ethnic minority people in Lam Dong Province.
Curently, some traditional festivals, customs and traditions of ethnic minority
people have been gradually lost and are at risk of not being handed down.
Therefore, the preservation and promotion of the values of cultural identity of
the indigenous peoples, the restoration and development of traditional craft
villages, making the cultural heritage a real motive for the sustainable
development, is a very important and necessary issue in today's practice.
Lam Dong is
a province with great potential for tourism development, in which the promotion
of indigenous traditional cultural values to become typical tourism products is
one of the main orientations to develop local tourism. Therefore, focusing on
the investment and preservation of cultural values of ethnic peoples, the
protection and embellishment of landscapes, historical and cultural relics, the
promotion of the value of traditional craft villages, associated with the
development of tourism in the province will create an important driving force
for the sustainable development of the locality.
THE SECOND PART:
LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND THE NEED TO BUILD THE SCHEME
I. Legal framework:
no. 33/NQ-TU dated June 9th, 2014 by the 9th Plenum of
the 11th Party’s Central Executive Committee on construction and
development of Vietnamese culture and people to meet the requirements of the
country's sustainable development;
- Resolution no. 08-NQ/TW dated January 16th,
2017 by the Politburo on tourism
development becoming a spearhead economic sector;
- Resolution no. 92/NQ-CP dated December 8th, 2014 by the Government on some
measures to promote the development of Viet
in the new period;
- Decision no. 22/QD-TTg dated January 5th, 2010 by the
Prime Minister approving the Scheme on “the development of rural
culture up to 2015, with orientation to 2020”;
no. 1270/QD-TTg dated July 27th, 2011 by the Prime Minister
approving the Scheme on “the Conservation and
development of Vietnamese ethnic minority culture up to 2020”;
no. 2493/QD-TTg dated December 25th, 2016
by the Prime Minister approving the scheme on inventory, collection,
preservation, display, and propagation of typical traditional cultural heritages of Vietnamese ethnic minority peoples, 2017 - 2020 period;
no. 07-NQ/TU dated November 16th,
2016 by the Lam Dong Provincial Committee on the development of high-quality
tourism in 2016-2020 period, with orientation to 2025 in Lam Dong Province;
- Action Program no. 89/CTr-TU
dated October 22nd, 2014 by the Provincial Committee on implementing Resolution no. 33/NQ-TU dated June 9th,
2014 by 11th Party’s Central Executive Committee on construction and
development of Vietnamese culture and people to meet the requirements of the
country's sustainable development;
- Action Program no. 16-CTr/TU
dated June 16th, 2016 of the Lam Dong Provincial Committee to
implement the Party's Resolution of the 12th National Party Congress
and the Resolution of the 10th Party Congress of Lam Dong Province,
- Decision no. 387/QD-UBND dated
February 5th, 2015 of the People's Committee of Lam Dong Province
approving the Plan for implementing Action Program no. 89/CTr-TU dated October
22nd, 2014 by the Provincial Committee on building and developing
Vietnamese culture and people to meet the requirements of sustainable
development of the country;
- Decision no. 1499/QD-UBND
dated July 6th, 2017 by the People's Committee of Lam Dong Province
promulgating the plan for the implementation of Resolution no. 08-NQ/TW dated
January 6th, 2017 by the Politburo, and Resolution no. 07-NQ/TU
dated November 11th, 2016 by Lam Dong Provincial Committee;
- Plan no. 6914/KH-UBND dated
November 8th, 2016 by the People's Committee of Lam Dong Province on
the implementation of Resolution no. 63/NQ-CP and Resolution no. 64/NQ-CP dated
July 22nd, 2016 by the Government attached with the implementation
of Action Program no. 16-CTr/TU by the Provincial Committee and Resolution no.
145/2015/NQ-HDND by the People's Council of the province;
The need to build the scheme
Lam Dong has
potential and strength in tourism development, and tourism has been identified
as a key economic sector of the province. There are 43 ethnic groups living
together in Lam Dong; of which ethnic minority people account for 24.1% of the
province's population, of which the indigenous ethnic group accounts for over
17%; being the region where a lot of ethnic minority people live, it is
necessary to preserve and promote the traditional culture of indigenous peoples
and traditional craft villages in order to develop tourism in accordance with
tourism development planning of the province; at the same time, to effectively perform the tasks and targets of culture and tourism
as assigned by the Party Committees at all levels, programs, and plans of the
THE THIRD PART:
THE STATUS OF PRESERVING AND PROMOTING THE NATIONAL CULTURAL IDENTITY AND
DEVELOPING TRADITIONAL CRAFT VILLAGES ATTACHED TO TOURISM ACTIVITIES
On Socio-economic issues.
Lam Dong Province has a
population of nearly 1.3 million people with 43 ethnic groups; of which there
are over 300,000 ethnic minority people, accounting for 24.1% of the province's
population. Local ethnic minority groups accounted for 17.4% (including ethnic
groups: K'Ho-12.2%, Ma-2.6%, Chu Ru-1.5%, M'Nong-0.8%), the majority of ethnic
minority people live in 468 hamlets and population groups in 96 communes, districts, and towns in remote, isolated areas
and areas with difficulties and special difficulties. The economic and cultural
life of the people is closely linked to the natural conditions of the province. The traditional crafts are quite diverse, sophisticated, reflecting the
cultural creations of each ethnic group. The folk wisdom library, folklore
languages, social customs, and performance art are formed through many
generations associated with labor activities, production, and protection of the
ecological environment, which is a valuable asset, making the identity of each
past years, economic development programs, new rural construction, and sustainable poverty reduction have facilitated the
socio-economic development of ethnic minority people region. Infrastructure is
invested in communes, hamlets, and villages (from sources of Program 134
and 135, Target program on culture, sustainable poverty reduction, new rural
construction, etc.), contributing greatly to improving spiritual life,
preserving and promoting the values of traditional cultures.
many areas of ethnic minority people, there are still difficulties and
challenges in terms of infrastructure, educational level, and cultural
identity, and the quality of life in general is limited.
On traditional culture and cultural life.
culture of ethnic minorities in Lam Dong is rich and diverse, rich in identity,
associated with the process of exploring and conquering nature for a long time.
The diversity and richness of the indigenous peoples' culture in Lam Dong is
reflected in both tangible and intangible culture such as:
- The art of
specific architectural works (long houses, stilt houses, rice storage,
- Scenery of
traditional villages and hamlets of local indigenous people (usually living
near rivers, streams, natural forests).
traditional jobs (weaving, knitting, forging, pottery, silver jewelry,
jewelry (very rich in types, variety of patterns and designs, mainly using
local natural materials).
- Folk music - arts (folk songs, story singing - yalyau,
banter – tong or po
music, folk dance (especially the ability to perform gongs, the cultural space
of the gongs in the central highlands of Viet Nam has been
recognized by the UNESCO as an intangible cultural heritage).
- Folk tales
(Folk stories of ethnic minorities in Lam Dong are diverse and abundant, mainly
transmitted by word of mouth).
remedies (mainly used from plants and animals in nature).
Traditional festivals, traditional beliefs (Gods play a special role in
traditional spiritual life of indigenous ethnic minority communities in Lam
Dong. Everything has sacred elements inside, which is called Yang. Traditional
festivals are often associated with the worship of the gods).
past years, Lam Dong Province has organized, collected, and preserved all kinds
of tangible and intangible culture of indigenous ethnic
groups in Lam Dong Province; built models of traditional cultural villages;
organized parties for cultural family and villages; focused on the
classification of all forms of intangible cultural heritages such as folk art
(folk songs, folk dance and folk music), folk knowledge, handicrafts, festivals
and customs, scripts and languages of ethnic minorities, and achieved initial
more than 40 gong teams, setting up traditional festivals of the Ma, K'ho; Le
Nhô wèr of the K'ho, restoring the Ma's long house in Loc Bac Commune, Bao Lam
District; holding the gong culture festival every
year; opening classes to teach and guide how to play gongs, classes on the
traditional K'ho Cil folk textiles, etc.).
to the slow socio-economic conditions and low educational level, the cultural
institutions have not been synchronously invested in. Some
localities are not aware of the position, role, and importance of indigenous
culture in the fields of social life, therefore, lacking investment
consideration and exploitation of all resources for cultural development; the
thought of relying on the State still exists in a part of the officials and the
people, greatly affecting the dynamic and creativity in building cultural life
in residential areas and the self-consciousness in preserving the cultural
identity of the peoples. The socialization of culture in general and in the
field of preservation of cultural heritage in particular, especially the
preservation of intangible culture, is still difficult.
investment budget for conservation and development of ethnic minority culture
is still limited, not meeting the real demand; the infrastructure for cultural
activities is not synchronous. The training and fostering of officials doing cultural work at the grassroots is
III. The current status,
potential, strengths, and
tourism development of Lam Dong Province.
Lam Dong is
a province in the Central Highlands, with cool weather all year round; natural
and humanistic tourism resources are diverse and abundant. Lam Dong now owns
two world heritage sites recognized by UNESCO (the "Woodblocks of the Nguyen Dynasty" documentary heritage and
intangible cultural heritage "The cultural space of the gongs in the
Central Highlands of Viet Nam"); besides, there is
also The Langbiang Biosphere Reserve which is recognized by UNESCO.
objective of fast and sustainable development on the basis of reasonable
exploitation of natural resources and the protection of tourism environment,
Lam Dong tourism has focused on building and developing tourism products based
on the potential and strengths of the locality such as:
ecotourism, adventure sports tourism (climbing, rafting, skydiving, hiking,
etc.), cultural tourism attached with sightseeing historical and cultural
relics, archaeological relics, and indigenous communities; resort,
convalescence tourism; tourism associated with education and training,
scientific research; meetings, incentives, conferences, exhibitions (MICE); agricultural tourism, etc.
the diversification of tourism products and services, tourism infrastructure,
especially the transport infrastructure is interested in investment development
to connect Da Lat - Lam Dong with tourism centers and economic -
cultural centers of the region and the country through many national highway
and provincial roads. Lien Khuong Airport has been upgraded and achieved level
4D according to ICAO standards, and has effectively exploited many
international and domestic flights to and from Da Lat such as: Thailand, Korea,
China, Singapore, Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Hai Phong, Vinh, Hue, Da Nang, etc.
tourism infrastructure is developed relatively fast in both quantity and
quality. Up to now, the province has 1,216 tourist accommodation establishments,
totaling 18,424 rooms (in which there are 358 hotels
from 1 to 5 stars with 9,406 rooms, including 26 luxury hotels from 3 to 5
stars with 2,589 rooms ); 58 business units in tourism - travel transportation,
including 20 business units in international tourism and 38 business units in domestic tourism and travel
transportation; 35 tourist attractions which are invested in and operated together with more than 60 other
free-of-charge sightseeing spots, catering for visitor's needs, creating
diversification and abundance to build tours
routes between Lam Dong and other localities in the country.
with the general socio-economic development of the province, the tourism
industry has achieved remarkable results in recent years, the number of
tourists visiting resorts has increased steadily over the years, on average 10%
each year; attracting more investment in tourism, and many new tourism products
and services are created, contributing to the diversification of local tourism
products and serving the increasing demand of tourists visiting Da Lat - Lam Dong.
tourism products and services have changed, the quality is not high, not
attractive enough to meet the increasing demand of customers. Night and rainy
season entertainment services are still few, tourist sites are still small, and
the products are overlapping and slow to be re-innovated.
Human resources for tourism, though, have been paid attention in education and
training, they are generally lacking in quality and quantity, especially the
labor force with foreign language skills and professional qualifications. Some
potential is not exploited adequately, business performance of the local
tourism industry is still low, and many investment projects have been attracted
to the tourism and service sector but their deployment progress is slow.
THE FOURTH PART:
REQUIREMENTS, OBJECTIVES, TASKS, AND SOLUTIONS OF THE SCHEME
- To conserve and promote the
cultural heritage of ethnic minority people with typical and special values;
- To ensure
the community and mobilization of the heritage owner's voluntary participation
to create a traditional and modern cultural environment; to maintain the
ability to reproduce, depict, and promote the heritage type with the effects of
- To invest
in preserving and promoting the culture of indigenous peoples in Lam Dong
Province in order to create methods and measures to preserve, promote, and
develop cultural heritages associated with activities of traditional craft
villages, exploiting tourism to contribute to creating jobs, increasing income
for local residents. To limit the negative impact on the existence of various
types of heritage, to raise awareness and knowledge of the people on the value
of various types of traditional culture.
1. General objectives.
effectively implement the Party's Resolutions and the State's law policies on
preservation and promotion of cultural identities associated with the
development of tourism.
conserve the cultural values of the indigenous peoples of the South Central
Highlands in Lam Dong, to enhance the role of cultural subjects in preserving
and promoting traditional cultural heritages.
diversify tourism products. To promote the value of traditional handicraft
products associated with tourism, creating jobs and stable income for the
2. Specific objectives.
a. Until 2020:
- To carry
out the implementation of the Scheme on "Conservation and development of
the cultural space of the gongs in the Central Highlands among ethnic groups in
Lam Dong Province by 2020".
- To reconstruct 01 indigenous ethnic minority festival.
- To collect tangible and intangible
indigenous cultural heritages in Lam Dong.
- To support
and invest in the preservation of the traditional cultural craft village model
from the funds of the Target program on culture invested in by the Central (from the Project of preserving the
traditional village of K'ho Cil in Dang K'no to another village in the province
to attract tourists).
- To survey
and compile dossiers for the proposal to recognize provincial relics for 5
- To develop
criteria for traditional cultural craft villages associated with tourism
b. From 2021 to 2025:
- To reconstruct 02 indigenous ethnic minority festivals.
- To collect
and publish books on elite artists in the field of intangible cultural heritage
in the province and their skills of cultural heritage practice they are
holding; books on introducing cultural heritage of the Central Highlands ethnic
minorities in Lam Dong.
- To develop
01 to 02 traditional village models in order to preserve the culture associated
with tourism activities.
- To open
classes to teach performance arts, folklore languages, folk
knowledge, etc. , enhancing the capacity for people participating in tourism.
- To build
traditional folk art groups and teams, to replicate pilot models, and to guide the children of ethnic
minority people to use traditional musical instruments and to learn about folk
songs and folk dances in ceremonies and festivals.
- To support
craft villages to participate in fairs and exhibitions to facilitate the
introduction and promotion of products. To support craft villages in expanding
business services associated with conservation and development of traditional
cultural identity of the nation. To organize tourism activities in the cultural
space of traditional craft villages.
- To connect
with travel agencies to organize craft village tours combined with ecological
tours, community tourism, agricultural tourism, etc.
c. From 2026 to 2030:
To maintain effectively and
replicate the above models.
1. To choose
from 2 to 3 traditional village models, including: reconstruction of
traditional cultural space (architecture, housing, clothes, cuisine, etc.),
intangible culture (customs, practices, festivals, folk songs, folk dances,
etc.) to be put into operation for tourism development.
2. To organize training and
improve the management skills of grassroots officials, especially ethnic
minority officials in the locality.
organize inventory and assessment of traditional cultural values of some
traditional craft villages in the province.
organize activities of collecting tangible and intangible cultural heritages,
and some traditional crafts: knitting, weaving, smithing, pottery, etc. To
organize research, collection, restoration, and enhancement of folk legacy,
folk music, folk dance, and to restore some traditional festivals, typically: the catching husband custom of the Churu, the weddings of the K'ho, Churu, Ma.
5. To build
traditional singing groups and teams, to expand the pilot models, and to guide
the children of ethnic minority people to use traditional musical instruments.
To launch song and dance composition for ethnic people to use in ceremonies,
festivals, crop celebrations, etc.
develop a book series about skills being held by outstanding artisans to teach
the younger generation.
7. To open
classes to teach performance art, folklore, and folk knowledge; to train and
educate skills to enhance the capacity of cultural subjects participating in
support businesses and craft villages to participate in fairs and exhibitions
to introduce and promote products. To support craft villages to develop tourism
services associated with conservation and development of traditional cultural
identity of the nation.
develop craft village tours in combination with tourism products: culture,
ecology, community, agriculture, etc.
promote State management: Enhancing the State management role of preserving and
promoting traditional cultural values associated with tourism, making tourism
become the strength of each locality. Promulgating and implementing regulations
and policies suitable to the characteristics of ethnic minority people in order
to improve the practical effectiveness of conservation activities of village
cultural heritage and community tourism development.
Propaganda and education: Issuing solutions to concretize the general
regulations of the State to local ethnic minority communities, ensuring that they
are clear, short, and easy to understand so that people can easily absorb and
self-abide. Connecting people's interests when participating in cultural
preservation activities to attract a large number of people to participate in
preserving their traditional cultural heritages. Strengthening advocacy and
propaganda to raise people's sense of self-consciousness associated with
socialization in conservation work.
3. To build
mechanisms and policies: Regular evaluation, review, amendment and
supplementation of the Party's policies and guidelines and the State's law on
ethnic culture. Adopting appropriate mechanisms and specific policies on
preferential treatment with artisans, village elders, village chiefs, and
reputable people in preserving, transmitting and promoting traditional cultural
values. Adopting specific preferential policies for organizations and
individuals when investing in cultural development of ethnic minority people.
of capital sources: Using the central budget and local budgets, and focusing on
the implementation of policies which encourage socialization, facilitating
organizations, enterprises, and individuals to invest in construction to build
facilities for cultural activities associated with the preservation of ethnic
minority culture. Mobilizing social resources to support economic development
programs and projects attached with the preservation and promotion of
traditional cultural values.
for human resource development.
plans on training and fostering to raise the professional qualifications of the
contingency of cadres, civil servants,
and officials of cultural services; especially, ethnic minority officials and
staff to meet the demand of preserving traditional cultural values associated
with tourism development in the area.
the participation of tourist agencies, mobilizing the population community who
is the cultural subject in the locality to directly build models related to the
- Investigating, analyzing
statistically, and issuing policies to support and motivate artisans and
reputable people among ethnic minority people to act as the core in preserving
and promoting traditional ethnic minority culture in ethnic minority areas.
Periodically organizing the consideration for the title of the people's artisan
and outstanding artisan in the field of intangible cultural heritage.
V. Implementation funds.
funds will be from the source of the Cultural Heritage Program which is
allocated annually by the Central government and from the local budget. At the
same time, mobilizing the maximum funding for socialization from organizations,
enterprises, individuals, and other lawful capital sources.
THE FIFTH PART
Department of Culture, Sports, and Tourism: Hosting and coordinating with
related departments, mass organizations, and localities to develop a detailed
plan for effective implementation of the scheme. Providing professional
guidance on the preservation and promotion of traditional cultural values;
organizing the restoration of traditional festivals. Promoting the study of
ethnic cultures, organizing the introduction and promotion of cultural heritage
values of ethnic minority people.
Department of Finance: Evaluating and allocating budget for the Department of
Culture, Sports, and Tourism and related agencies to organize the
implementation of the Scheme.
3. Department of Planning and
Investment: Annually, evaluating and advising the People's Committee of the
province on fund allocation to implement the Scheme from target programs and
public investment plans on the investment and upgrade of ethnic minority
cultural institutions and craft village development projects.
Department of Industry and Trade, Department of Agriculture and Rural
Development in coordination with the
of Culture, Sports, and Tourism and other departments, agencies, and localities
to develop plans to develop traditional craft villages for tourism attached
with preserving cultural heritage and building new rural areas in the locality.
5. Lam Dong
Television Station, Lam Dong Newspaper: Promoting information dissemination and
promotion of cultural heritage and tourism potential of the province.
Committees of districts and cities:
plans and allocating local budgets for the execution of the contents of the
Scheme in their respective localities; on the basis of the actual situation of
the locality, selecting the contents to preserve and promote the cultural
identities of ethnic groups associated with the development of community
tourism. Coordinating with the Department of Culture, Sports, and Tourism, the
Department of Industry and Trade, and the Department of Agriculture and Rural
Development in selecting and proposing 01 - 02 traditional craft villages with
potential to carry out projects on preservation and promotion of cultural
heritage associated with tourism development. Directing propaganda and having
effective measures to reverse backward customs and social vices.
with the National Front, other mass organizations, and social organizations in
the locality to focus on disseminating, mobilizing, educating, and persuading
the people, youth members, and members, raising the spirit of preserving and
maintaining cultural identities of ethnic groups.
the Office of Culture - Information and the Center of Culture - Sports:
Organizing the collection of tangible cultural objects for display at the local Traditional House; organizing ethnic
festivals, folk music, folk song and dance festivals to meet the scale, nature
and ability of the locals./.
BEHALF OF THE CHAIRMAN
Phan Van Da