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sadfasEnglish > Home > Planning - development
Decision To approve the Scheme on “the preservation and promotion of cultural identities of indigenous peoples, and the restoration and development of traditional craft villages associated with tourism activities in Lam Dong Province in the 2018-2020 peri 

DECIDES

Article 1. To approve the Scheme on “the preservation and promotion of cultural identities of indigenous peoples, and the restoration and development of traditional craft villages associated with tourism activities in Lam Dong Province in the 2018-2020 period with orientation to 2030” (attached the detailed scheme).

Article 2. Head of the Office of the People's Committee of the Province; Directors of Departments of: Culture, Sports, and Tourism; Finance; Planning and Investment; Industry and Trade; Agriculture and Rural Development; Ethnic Committee of the province; Heads of provincial departments, agencies, and units, and chairmen of the People's Committees of districts and cities in the province are responsible to implement this Decision from the date of signing for promulgation./.

 

Recipients:

- The Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism;

- Standing members of the Province’s People’s Committee and the Province People’s Council;

- Chairman and Vice Chairmen of the Province’s People’s Committee;

- Department of Propaganda and Training, The Provincial Commission for Mass Mobilisation;

- As Article 2;

- The Province’s Web Portal; the Province’s Gazette;

- Lam Dong Television Station, Lam Dong Newspaper;

- Head of the Office of the Province’s People’s Committee;

- Archived: VT, VX2.

ON BEHALF OF THE CHAIRMAN

VICE CHAIRMAN

 (Signed and sealed)

Phan Van Da

 

  

THE PEOPLE’S COMMITTEE  OF LAM DONG PROVINCE

SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM

Independence - Freedom - Happiness

 

SCHEME

On “the preservation and promotion of cultural identities of indigenous peoples, and the restoration and development of traditional craft villages associated with tourism activities in Lam Dong Province in the 2018-2020 period with orientation to 2030”

(Attached with Decision no. 450/QD-UBND dated March 6th, 2018 by the People’s Committee of Lam Dong Province)

 

THE FIRST PART:

THE PROBLEM

Vietnamese ethnic minority culture is a constituent part of the rich Vietnamese culture, bearing the national identity. In the trend of integration and development, different cultural flows penetrate the social life in ethnic minority areas, affecting the traditional culture of ethnic minority people, threatening to fade their identity. Consequently, the preservation and promotion of ethnic minority culture is an urgent and strategic task that needs to be implemented continuously and permanently.

Religious life, customs and traditions, production, cultivation, festivals, costumes, architecture, patterns, etc. are unique cultural values and extremely important for the spiritual life of ethnic minority people in Lam Dong Province. Curently, some traditional festivals, customs and traditions of ethnic minority people have been gradually lost and are at risk of not being handed down. Therefore, the preservation and promotion of the values of cultural identity of the indigenous peoples, the restoration and development of traditional craft villages, making the cultural heritage a real motive for the sustainable development, is a very important and necessary issue in today's practice.

Lam Dong is a province with great potential for tourism development, in which the promotion of indigenous traditional cultural values to become typical tourism products is one of the main orientations to develop local tourism. Therefore, focusing on the investment and preservation of cultural values of ethnic peoples, the protection and embellishment of landscapes, historical and cultural relics, the promotion of the value of traditional craft villages, associated with the development of tourism in the province will create an important driving force for the sustainable development of the locality.

 

THE SECOND PART:

LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND THE NEED TO BUILD THE SCHEME

 

          I. Legal framework:

          - Resolution no. 33/NQ-TU dated June 9th, 2014 by the 9th Plenum of the 11th Party’s Central Executive Committee on construction and development of Vietnamese culture and people to meet the requirements of the country's sustainable development;

          -  Resolution no. 08-NQ/TW dated January 16th, 2017 by the Politburo on tourism development becoming a spearhead economic sector;

          - Resolution no. 92/NQ-CP dated December 8th, 2014 by the Government on some measures to promote the development of Viet Nam's tourism in the new period;

          - Decision no. 22/QD-TTg dated January 5th, 2010 by the Prime Minister approving the Scheme on the development of rural culture up to 2015, with orientation to 2020;

- Decision no. 1270/QD-TTg dated July 27th, 2011 by the Prime Minister approving the Scheme on the Conservation and development of Vietnamese ethnic minority culture up to 2020”;

- Decision no. 2493/QD-TTg dated December 25th, 2016 by the Prime Minister approving the scheme on inventory, collection, preservation, display, and propagation of typical traditional cultural heritages of Vietnamese ethnic minority peoples, 2017 - 2020 period;

- Resolution no. 07-NQ/TU dated November 16th, 2016 by the Lam Dong Provincial Committee on the development of high-quality tourism in 2016-2020 period, with orientation to 2025 in Lam Dong Province;

          - Action Program no. 89/CTr-TU dated October 22nd, 2014 by the Provincial Committee on implementing Resolution no. 33/NQ-TU dated June 9th, 2014 by 11th Party’s Central Executive Committee on construction and development of Vietnamese culture and people to meet the requirements of the country's sustainable development;

          - Action Program no. 16-CTr/TU dated June 16th, 2016 of the Lam Dong Provincial Committee to implement the Party's Resolution of the 12th National Party Congress and the Resolution of the 10th Party Congress of Lam Dong Province, 2016-2020 term;

          - Decision no. 387/QD-UBND dated February 5th, 2015 of the People's Committee of Lam Dong Province approving the Plan for implementing Action Program no. 89/CTr-TU dated October 22nd, 2014 by the Provincial Committee on building and developing Vietnamese culture and people to meet the requirements of sustainable development of the country;

          - Decision no. 1499/QD-UBND dated July 6th, 2017 by the People's Committee of Lam Dong Province promulgating the plan for the implementation of Resolution no. 08-NQ/TW dated January 6th, 2017 by the Politburo, and Resolution no. 07-NQ/TU dated November 11th, 2016 by Lam Dong Provincial Committee;

- Plan no. 6914/KH-UBND dated November 8th, 2016 by the People's Committee of Lam Dong Province on the implementation of Resolution no. 63/NQ-CP and Resolution no. 64/NQ-CP dated July 22nd, 2016 by the Government attached with the implementation of Action Program no. 16-CTr/TU by the Provincial Committee and Resolution no. 145/2015/NQ-HDND by the People's Council of the province;

II. The need to build the scheme

Lam Dong has potential and strength in tourism development, and tourism has been identified as a key economic sector of the province. There are 43 ethnic groups living together in Lam Dong; of which ethnic minority people account for 24.1% of the province's population, of which the indigenous ethnic group accounts for over 17%; being the region where a lot of ethnic minority people live, it is necessary to preserve and promote the traditional culture of indigenous peoples and traditional craft villages in order to develop tourism in accordance with tourism development planning of the province; at the same time, to effectively perform the tasks and targets of culture and tourism as assigned by the Party Committees at all levels, programs, and plans of the province.

 

THE THIRD PART:

THE STATUS OF PRESERVING AND PROMOTING THE NATIONAL CULTURAL IDENTITY AND DEVELOPING TRADITIONAL CRAFT VILLAGES ATTACHED TO TOURISM ACTIVITIES

 

I. On Socio-economic issues.

          Lam Dong Province has a population of nearly 1.3 million people with 43 ethnic groups; of which there are over 300,000 ethnic minority people, accounting for 24.1% of the province's population. Local ethnic minority groups accounted for 17.4% (including ethnic groups: K'Ho-12.2%, Ma-2.6%, Chu Ru-1.5%, M'Nong-0.8%), the majority of ethnic minority people live in 468 hamlets and population groups in 96 communes, districts, and towns in remote, isolated areas and areas with difficulties and special difficulties. The economic and cultural life of the people is closely linked to the natural conditions of the province. The traditional crafts are quite diverse, sophisticated, reflecting the cultural creations of each ethnic group. The folk wisdom library, folklore languages, social customs, and performance art are formed through many generations associated with labor activities, production, and protection of the ecological environment, which is a valuable asset, making the identity of each ethnic group.

Over the past years, economic development programs, new rural construction, and sustainable poverty reduction have facilitated the socio-economic development of ethnic minority people region. Infrastructure is invested in communes, hamlets, and villages (from sources of Program 134 and 135, Target program on culture, sustainable poverty reduction, new rural construction, etc.), contributing greatly to improving spiritual life, preserving and promoting the values of traditional cultures.

However, in many areas of ethnic minority people, there are still difficulties and challenges in terms of infrastructure, educational level, and cultural identity, and the quality of life in general is limited.

II. On traditional culture and cultural life.

Traditional culture of ethnic minorities in Lam Dong is rich and diverse, rich in identity, associated with the process of exploring and conquering nature for a long time. The diversity and richness of the indigenous peoples' culture in Lam Dong is reflected in both tangible and intangible culture such as:

- The art of specific architectural works (long houses, stilt houses, rice storage, barnyards, etc.).

- Scenery of traditional villages and hamlets of local indigenous people (usually living near rivers, streams, natural forests).

- Specific traditional jobs (weaving, knitting, forging, pottery, silver jewelry, moonshine, etc.).

- Costume, jewelry (very rich in types, variety of patterns and designs, mainly using local natural materials).

- Traditional cuisine.

- Folk music - arts (folk songs, story singing - yalyau, banter tong or po dik).

- Folk music, folk dance (especially the ability to perform gongs, the cultural space of the gongs in the central highlands of Viet Nam has been recognized by the UNESCO as an intangible cultural heritage).

- Folk tales (Folk stories of ethnic minorities in Lam Dong are diverse and abundant, mainly transmitted by word of mouth).

- Folk remedies (mainly used from plants and animals in nature).

- Traditional festivals, traditional beliefs (Gods play a special role in traditional spiritual life of indigenous ethnic minority communities in Lam Dong. Everything has sacred elements inside, which is called Yang. Traditional festivals are often associated with the worship of the gods).

Over the past years, Lam Dong Province has organized, collected, and preserved all kinds of tangible and intangible culture of indigenous ethnic groups in Lam Dong Province; built models of traditional cultural villages; organized parties for cultural family and villages; focused on the classification of all forms of intangible cultural heritages such as folk art (folk songs, folk dance and folk music), folk knowledge, handicrafts, festivals and customs, scripts and languages of ethnic minorities, and achieved initial results (Establishing more than 40 gong teams, setting up traditional festivals of the Ma, K'ho; Le Nhô wèr of the K'ho, restoring the Ma's long house in Loc Bac Commune, Bao Lam District; holding the gong culture festival every year; opening classes to teach and guide how to play gongs, classes on the traditional K'ho Cil folk textiles, etc.).

However, due to the slow socio-economic conditions and low educational level, the cultural institutions have not been synchronously invested in. Some localities are not aware of the position, role, and importance of indigenous culture in the fields of social life, therefore, lacking investment consideration and exploitation of all resources for cultural development; the thought of relying on the State still exists in a part of the officials and the people, greatly affecting the dynamic and creativity in building cultural life in residential areas and the self-consciousness in preserving the cultural identity of the peoples. The socialization of culture in general and in the field of preservation of cultural heritage in particular, especially the preservation of intangible culture, is still difficult.

The investment budget for conservation and development of ethnic minority culture is still limited, not meeting the real demand; the infrastructure for cultural activities is not synchronous. The training and fostering of officials doing cultural work at the grassroots is still limited.

III. The current status, potential, strengths, and tourism development of Lam Dong Province.

Lam Dong is a province in the Central Highlands, with cool weather all year round; natural and humanistic tourism resources are diverse and abundant. Lam Dong now owns two world heritage sites recognized by UNESCO (the "Woodblocks of the Nguyen Dynasty" documentary heritage and intangible cultural heritage "The cultural space of the gongs in the Central Highlands of Viet Nam"); besides, there is also The Langbiang Biosphere Reserve which is recognized by UNESCO.

With the objective of fast and sustainable development on the basis of reasonable exploitation of natural resources and the protection of tourism environment, Lam Dong tourism has focused on building and developing tourism products based on the potential and strengths of the locality such as: ecotourism, adventure sports tourism (climbing, rafting, skydiving, hiking, etc.), cultural tourism attached with sightseeing historical and cultural relics, archaeological relics, and indigenous communities; resort, convalescence tourism; tourism associated with education and training, scientific research; meetings, incentives, conferences, exhibitions (MICE); agricultural tourism, etc.

Along with the diversification of tourism products and services, tourism infrastructure, especially the transport infrastructure is interested in investment development to connect Da Lat - Lam Dong with tourism centers and economic - cultural centers of the region and the country through many national highway and provincial roads. Lien Khuong Airport has been upgraded and achieved level 4D according to ICAO standards, and has effectively exploited many international and domestic flights to and from Da Lat such as: Thailand, Korea, China, Singapore, Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Hai Phong, Vinh, Hue, Da Nang, etc.

Lam Dong's tourism infrastructure is developed relatively fast in both quantity and quality. Up to now, the province has 1,216 tourist accommodation establishments, totaling 18,424 rooms (in which there are 358 hotels from 1 to 5 stars with 9,406 rooms, including 26 luxury hotels from 3 to 5 stars with 2,589 rooms ); 58 business units in tourism - travel transportation, including 20 business units in international tourism and 38 business units in domestic tourism and travel transportation; 35 tourist attractions which are invested in and operated together with more than 60 other free-of-charge sightseeing spots, catering for visitor's needs, creating diversification and abundance to build tours and travel routes between Lam Dong and other localities in the country.

Together with the general socio-economic development of the province, the tourism industry has achieved remarkable results in recent years, the number of tourists visiting resorts has increased steadily over the years, on average 10% each year; attracting more investment in tourism, and many new tourism products and services are created, contributing to the diversification of local tourism products and serving the increasing demand of tourists visiting Da Lat - Lam Dong.

Although tourism products and services have changed, the quality is not high, not attractive enough to meet the increasing demand of customers. Night and rainy season entertainment services are still few, tourist sites are still small, and the products are overlapping and slow to be re-innovated. Human resources for tourism, though, have been paid attention in education and training, they are generally lacking in quality and quantity, especially the labor force with foreign language skills and professional qualifications. Some potential is not exploited adequately, business performance of the local tourism industry is still low, and many investment projects have been attracted to the tourism and service sector but their deployment progress is slow.

 

THE FOURTH PART:

REQUIREMENTS, OBJECTIVES, TASKS, AND SOLUTIONS OF THE SCHEME

 

          I. Requirements.

          - To conserve and promote the cultural heritage of ethnic minority people with typical and special values;

- To ensure the community and mobilization of the heritage owner's voluntary participation to create a traditional and modern cultural environment; to maintain the ability to reproduce, depict, and promote the heritage type with the effects of modern life.

- To invest in preserving and promoting the culture of indigenous peoples in Lam Dong Province in order to create methods and measures to preserve, promote, and develop cultural heritages associated with activities of traditional craft villages, exploiting tourism to contribute to creating jobs, increasing income for local residents. To limit the negative impact on the existence of various types of heritage, to raise awareness and knowledge of the people on the value of various types of traditional culture.

II. Objectives.

1. General objectives.

- To effectively implement the Party's Resolutions and the State's law policies on preservation and promotion of cultural identities associated with the development of tourism.

- To conserve the cultural values of the indigenous peoples of the South Central Highlands in Lam Dong, to enhance the role of cultural subjects in preserving and promoting traditional cultural heritages.

- To diversify tourism products. To promote the value of traditional handicraft products associated with tourism, creating jobs and stable income for the people.

2. Specific objectives.

a. Until 2020:

- To carry out the implementation of the Scheme on "Conservation and development of the cultural space of the gongs in the Central Highlands among ethnic groups in Lam Dong Province by 2020".

- To reconstruct 01 indigenous ethnic minority festival.

- To collect tangible and intangible indigenous cultural heritages in Lam Dong.

- To support and invest in the preservation of the traditional cultural craft village model from the funds of the Target program on culture invested in by the Central (from the Project of preserving the traditional village of K'ho Cil in Dang K'no to another village in the province to attract tourists).

- To survey and compile dossiers for the proposal to recognize provincial relics for 5 relics.

- To develop criteria for traditional cultural craft villages associated with tourism development.

b. From 2021 to 2025:

- To reconstruct 02 indigenous ethnic minority festivals.

- To collect and publish books on elite artists in the field of intangible cultural heritage in the province and their skills of cultural heritage practice they are holding; books on introducing cultural heritage of the Central Highlands ethnic minorities in Lam Dong.

- To develop 01 to 02 traditional village models in order to preserve the culture associated with tourism activities.

- To open classes to teach performance arts, folklore languages, folk knowledge, etc. , enhancing the capacity for people participating in tourism.

- To build traditional folk art groups and teams, to replicate pilot models, and to guide the children of ethnic minority people to use traditional musical instruments and to learn about folk songs and folk dances in ceremonies and festivals.

- To support craft villages to participate in fairs and exhibitions to facilitate the introduction and promotion of products. To support craft villages in expanding business services associated with conservation and development of traditional cultural identity of the nation. To organize tourism activities in the cultural space of traditional craft villages.

- To connect with travel agencies to organize craft village tours combined with ecological tours, community tourism, agricultural tourism, etc.

c. From 2026 to 2030:

To maintain effectively and replicate the above models.

III. Tasks.

1. To choose from 2 to 3 traditional village models, including: reconstruction of traditional cultural space (architecture, housing, clothes, cuisine, etc.), intangible culture (customs, practices, festivals, folk songs, folk dances, etc.) to be put into operation for tourism development.

2. To organize training and improve the management skills of grassroots officials, especially ethnic minority officials in the locality.

3. To organize inventory and assessment of traditional cultural values of some traditional craft villages in the province.

4. To organize activities of collecting tangible and intangible cultural heritages, and some traditional crafts: knitting, weaving, smithing, pottery, etc. To organize research, collection, restoration, and enhancement of folk legacy, folk music, folk dance, and to restore some traditional festivals, typically: the catching husband custom of the Churu, the weddings of the K'ho, Churu, Ma.

5. To build traditional singing groups and teams, to expand the pilot models, and to guide the children of ethnic minority people to use traditional musical instruments. To launch song and dance composition for ethnic people to use in ceremonies, festivals, crop celebrations, etc.

6. To develop a book series about skills being held by outstanding artisans to teach the younger generation.

7. To open classes to teach performance art, folklore, and folk knowledge; to train and educate skills to enhance the capacity of cultural subjects participating in tourism.

8. To support businesses and craft villages to participate in fairs and exhibitions to introduce and promote products. To support craft villages to develop tourism services associated with conservation and development of traditional cultural identity of the nation.

9. To develop craft village tours in combination with tourism products: culture, ecology, community, agriculture, etc.

IV. Implementation solutions.

1. To promote State management: Enhancing the State management role of preserving and promoting traditional cultural values associated with tourism, making tourism become the strength of each locality. Promulgating and implementing regulations and policies suitable to the characteristics of ethnic minority people in order to improve the practical effectiveness of conservation activities of village cultural heritage and community tourism development.

2. Propaganda and education: Issuing solutions to concretize the general regulations of the State to local ethnic minority communities, ensuring that they are clear, short, and easy to understand so that people can easily absorb and self-abide. Connecting people's interests when participating in cultural preservation activities to attract a large number of people to participate in preserving their traditional cultural heritages. Strengthening advocacy and propaganda to raise people's sense of self-consciousness associated with socialization in conservation work.

3. To build mechanisms and policies: Regular evaluation, review, amendment and supplementation of the Party's policies and guidelines and the State's law on ethnic culture. Adopting appropriate mechanisms and specific policies on preferential treatment with artisans, village elders, village chiefs, and reputable people in preserving, transmitting and promoting traditional cultural values. Adopting specific preferential policies for organizations and individuals when investing in cultural development of ethnic minority people.

4. Solutions of capital sources: Using the central budget and local budgets, and focusing on the implementation of policies which encourage socialization, facilitating organizations, enterprises, and individuals to invest in construction to build facilities for cultural activities associated with the preservation of ethnic minority culture. Mobilizing social resources to support economic development programs and projects attached with the preservation and promotion of traditional cultural values.

5. Solutions for human resource development.

- Having plans on training and fostering to raise the professional qualifications of the contingency of cadres, civil servants, and officials of cultural services; especially, ethnic minority officials and staff to meet the demand of preserving traditional cultural values associated with tourism development in the area.

- Mobilizing the participation of tourist agencies, mobilizing the population community who is the cultural subject in the locality to directly build models related to the scheme's activities.

- Investigating, analyzing statistically, and issuing policies to support and motivate artisans and reputable people among ethnic minority people to act as the core in preserving and promoting traditional ethnic minority culture in ethnic minority areas. Periodically organizing the consideration for the title of the people's artisan and outstanding artisan in the field of intangible cultural heritage.

V. Implementation funds.

Implementation funds will be from the source of the Cultural Heritage Program which is allocated annually by the Central government and from the local budget. At the same time, mobilizing the maximum funding for socialization from organizations, enterprises, individuals, and other lawful capital sources.

 

THE FIFTH PART

IMPLEMENTATION ORGANIZATION

 

1. Department of Culture, Sports, and Tourism: Hosting and coordinating with related departments, mass organizations, and localities to develop a detailed plan for effective implementation of the scheme. Providing professional guidance on the preservation and promotion of traditional cultural values; organizing the restoration of traditional festivals. Promoting the study of ethnic cultures, organizing the introduction and promotion of cultural heritage values of ethnic minority people.

2. Department of Finance: Evaluating and allocating budget for the Department of Culture, Sports, and Tourism and related agencies to organize the implementation of the Scheme.

3. Department of Planning and Investment: Annually, evaluating and advising the People's Committee of the province on fund allocation to implement the Scheme from target programs and public investment plans on the investment and upgrade of ethnic minority cultural institutions and craft village development projects.

4. Department of Industry and Trade, Department of Agriculture and Rural Development in coordination with the Department of Culture, Sports, and Tourism and other departments, agencies, and localities to develop plans to develop traditional craft villages for tourism attached with preserving cultural heritage and building new rural areas in the locality.

5. Lam Dong Television Station, Lam Dong Newspaper: Promoting information dissemination and promotion of cultural heritage and tourism potential of the province.

6. People's Committees of districts and cities:

- Building plans and allocating local budgets for the execution of the contents of the Scheme in their respective localities; on the basis of the actual situation of the locality, selecting the contents to preserve and promote the cultural identities of ethnic groups associated with the development of community tourism. Coordinating with the Department of Culture, Sports, and Tourism, the Department of Industry and Trade, and the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development in selecting and proposing 01 - 02 traditional craft villages with potential to carry out projects on preservation and promotion of cultural heritage associated with tourism development. Directing propaganda and having effective measures to reverse backward customs and social vices.

- Coordinating with the National Front, other mass organizations, and social organizations in the locality to focus on disseminating, mobilizing, educating, and persuading the people, youth members, and members, raising the spirit of preserving and maintaining cultural identities of ethnic groups.

- Directing the Office of Culture - Information and the Center of Culture - Sports: Organizing the collection of tangible cultural objects for display at the local Traditional House; organizing ethnic festivals, folk music, folk song and dance festivals to meet the scale, nature and ability of the locals./.

 

 

ON BEHALF OF THE CHAIRMAN

VICE CHAIRMAN

 (Signed and sealed)

Phan Van Da

 

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