The session, initiated by Vietnam, aims to affirm
the ASEAN leaders’ commitment to promoting gender equality and women’s role
in the building of the ASEAN Community and socio-economic development of the
It also marks the 25th anniversary of the Beijing
Declaration and Platform for Action.
At the third ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Women (AMMW),
themed “Social Protection for Women and Girls: Toward the ASEAN Community
Vision 2025” in Hanoi in 2018, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc said women
and girls play an important role in the ASEAN Community building, noting
each of them must have equal rights in both family and society.
Since ASEAN was established in 1967, women have made
significant contributions to the growth and prosperity of the member
They have worked hard to improve their role and
position, with the establishment of the ASEAN Community Women’s Circle in
Hanoi in 2015, grouping wives and female officials of the Vietnamese
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and representative offices of the ASEAN member
countries in Hanoi.
Over the past five years, the group has organised a
range of cultural activities and people-to-people exchanges, contributing to
enhancing intra-bloc connectivity.
The ASEAN Women for Peace Registry (AWPR) was also
formed in the Philippines in 2018 to promote women’s participation and
contributions to the peace processes, the settlement of traditional and
non-traditional security challenges emerging in the region, and the
implementation of ASEAN leaders’ Joint Statement on Women, Peace and
Security in 2017.
Vietnam is one of the countries that have gained
remarkable achievements in gender equality, which have contributed to
spurring national socio-economic development.
To promote gender equality and increase social
security for women and girls, the government has implemented and integrated
relevant regional initiatives and priorities into national programmes and
It spends about 2.6 percent of the national gross
domestic product (GDP) each year on policies and programmes on social
assistance, covering women and girls.
The country has made efforts in implementing the Law
on Gender Equality 2006 and the UN Convention on the Elimination of All
Forms of Discrimination against Women.
A national strategy on gender equality for 2011-2020
has been promulgated with the aim of raising public awareness of gender
equality, narrowing gender gap and improving women’s position.
There are more women engaging in political
activities at all levels, with the rate of female parliamentarians reaching
27.1 percent, higher than the global figure of 23.4 percent and the Asian
rate of 18.6 percent.
Vietnam has a National Assembly Chairwoman and three
female Politburo members for the first time.
Notably, the first Vietnamese female officers have
joined UN peace-keeping missions.
Vietnamese women have also proven their role in
business and other spheres, with the rate of female labourers standing at 48
Still, Vietnam is continuing to perfect its relevant
policies and laws, and optimise resources to ensure gender equality and