Some sources have indicated about 200 people may
have died since the protests erupted on Friday.
Dozens of people may have been killed in Iran since
Friday during protests against a sharp rise in petrol prices, the UN human
rights office says.
A spokesman urged security personnel not to use
excessive force, including firing live ammunition, and called for access to
the internet to be restored.
Amnesty International said it had received credible
reports that at least 106 protesters in 21 cities had died.
Iran's government has denounced those on the streets
The current situation is unclear because of the
near-total internet shutdown, which started late on Saturday, but protests
have been held in dozens of cities and towns.
The protests erupted on Friday after the government
announced the price of petrol would be increased by 50% to 15,000 rials
($0.12; £0.09 at the unofficial market exchange rate) a litre and that
drivers would be allowed to purchase only 60 litres each month before the
price rose to 30,000 rials.
President Hassan Rouhani said the government was
acting in the public interest, and that the money raised would be
distributed to the country's neediest citizens.
However, the decision was met with widespread anger
in a country where the economy is already reeling as a result of US
sanctions reinstated last year when President Donald Trump abandoned a
nuclear deal with Iran.
The sanctions have caused Iran's oil exports to
collapse and the value of the rial to plummet, and sent the prices of basic
By Sunday, the protests had reached some 100 cities
and towns, the semi-official Fars news agency said. At least 100 banks and
57 shops had been set on fire, and about 1,000 people had been arrested, it
Unofficial reports from various sources say about
200 people have been killed and 3,000 injured over the past five days. But
the Iranian authorities say only a few people have been killed.
People inside Iran reached by BBC Persian have
painted a grim picture of the situation.
Security forces have been filmed firing on
protesters; the families of those killed say the authorities have refused to
hand over their bodies for burial; there is a heavy security presence in
public squares and on major streets; many university students have been
arrested; and the judiciary has warned that sending videos abroad is a
A government spokesman said the situation was
"calmer" on Monday and predicted that "tomorrow and the day after we won't
have any issues with regard to riots".
However, videos posted on social media showed
protests continuing in several locations on Monday night. Three security
personnel were also stabbed to death near the capital Tehran, local media
On Tuesday, a spokesman for the office of the UN
high commissioner for human rights told a news conference in Geneva that it
was deeply concerned by reported violations of international norms and
standards on the use of force, including the firing of live ammunition,
Rupert Colville said it was extremely difficult to
verify the overall number of deaths, but that Iranian media and a number of
other sources suggested that dozens of people might have been killed during
protests in at least eight different provinces.
"We urge the Iranian authorities and security forces
to avoid the use of force to disperse peaceful assemblies and in cases in
which an assembly is violent to restrict the use of force to the greatest
"We also urge protesters to carry out demonstrations
peacefully, without resorting to physical violence or destruction of
property," he added.
Mr Colville also called on the Iranian government to
respect the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, and to
immediately re-establish Iranians' access to the internet.
He said the UN noted the serious economic challenges
Iran was experiencing, in part because of the US sanctions. But he warned
that simply responding to the protests "with harsh words and an iron first"
only risked making the situation worse.
President Rouhani said on Sunday: "People have the
right to protest, but protests are different from riots. We should not allow
insecurity in the society."