Talking with reporters on the sidelines of the
11th East Sea International Conference in Hanoi on November 6 and 7, Carl
Thayer, Emeritus Professor at the University of New South Wales, Australia,
said Vietnam should also make the most of the ASEAN chairmanship in 2020 to
take the lead in raising voices against China’s unsuitable actions in the
Thayer said China is promoting its nine-dash line
claim in an attempt to unilaterally conquer the East Sea to serve its
ambition to become a rising power in Asia.
Sharing this view, Greg Poling, Director of the Asia
Maritime Transparency Initiative at the US-based Center for Strategic &
International Studies, said by making the nine-dash line claim, China is
attempting to prevent Southeast Asian nations, including Vietnam, from
carrying out oil and gas projects in the East Sea.
China wants to force the regional nations to either
stop exploration for oil and gas in the East Sea or partnering with Chinese
companies, Poling elaborated.
The expert said China has sent more and more ships
to the East Sea and chased vessels and fishermen of other countries away
from the waters. These are not actions of a nation that wishes to partner
with regional states, he said, adding that China is seeking to force other
countries to do what it wants.
To cope with China’s aggressive actions in the East
Sea, Dr. Tomotaka Shoji from the Japan National Institute for Defense
Studies suggested that the observance of international law must be closely
monitored not only in the waters but also in any regions in the world.
Nations across the world should step up cooperation
with the regional countries and it is necessary to encourage the settlement
of disagreements and disputes in the East Sea and other international oceans
based on regulations of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the
Sea (UNCLOS) to ensure safety and freedom of navigation and aviation, he
Meanwhile, James Kraska, Emeritus Professor at the
US-based Stockton Center for International Law, advised the regional nations
to put aside disagreements and reach consensus on the settlement of disputes
in the East Sea.
The regional states should also expand commercial,
diplomatic and military ties with outside nations to gain wider support from
the international community to oppose China’s violations of international
law, he added./.