Former chief of the Government Border CommitteeTran
Cong Truc, the first person in Asia to translate the UNCLOS 1982, said
theNational Assembly of Vietnam issued a resolution on June 23, 1994
Through the application of this convention,Vietnam
has achieved a lot of success in both the legal aspect and the exerciseand
protection of its rights and interests in the East Sea.
From the early days the convention was
drafted,Vietnam had sent experts and representatives joining this process.
Before the UNCLOS was born, Vietnam applied
therelevant provisions of international law to develop and issue domestic
legaldocuments on the sea, including the Government’s declaration on
Following the signing of the UNCLOS in MontegoBay,
Jamaica in 1982, Vietnam applied and announced the baseline used tocalculate
the width of the Vietnamese continental shelf.
With the ratification of the UNCLOS on June 23,1994,
Vietnam proved itself a responsible and active member.
To specify the contents of the UNCLOS 1982, in2012,
Vietnam passed the Law of the Sea of Vietnam, which was built based
entirelyon the principles and content of the convention with more specific
regulationsin accordance with the situation, policy and marine strategy of
The legalisation of the UNCLOS 1982 by the Lawof the
Sea 2012 helped Vietnam have a firm legal foundation for handling
allmaritime disputes and activities on waters of Vietnam’s sovereignty,
sovereignrights and jurisdiction in the East Sea.
Evaluating Vietnam’s endeavours in implementingthe
UNCLOS and promoting international cooperation at sea, Pham Lan
Dung,Secretary General of Vietnam Society of International Law (VSIL), said
Vietnamhas improved the national legal system based on stipulations of
UNCLOS 1982 andissued more than 10 relevant laws and legal documents,
especially the Law ofthe Sea 2012 – which was built in harmony with UNCLOS
Vietnam has made efforts to conduct
maritimedelimitation with countries in the region based on the principles of
theconvention, Dung said, adding that this is an important part of the
convention,contributing to the creation of a peaceful and stable environment
amongnations, ensuring countries have maritime zones prescribed by the
conventionand can conduct exploitation and preservation of natural resources
Dung added that Vietnam has always seriously
implementedthe rights and obligations of coastal countries according to the
convention. In2009, Vietnam completed a report on defining the outer limits
of thecontinental shelf of Vietnam in the East Sea and submitted it to the
UNCommission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf.
Vietnam also established a national committee
onsearch and rescue in 1996 and is a member of theInternational Convention on
Maritime Search and Rescue.
The Southeast Asian country has actively
participatedin activities within the framework of international mechanisms
establishedunder the convention. Vietnam is a member of the International
Seabed Authority(ISA) and was elected vice president of the general assembly
of the ISA.
Vietnam has also engaged in building regionaland
international legal documents related to seas, such as the
International MaritimeSatellite Organization (INMARSAT) and the
Global Maritime Distress SafetySystem (GMDSS).
According to Dung, the application of international law toaddress marine
disputes between countries is a civilised solution in line withthe rule of
law, ensuring equal opportunities for all countries before law.
When disputes arise, negotiation is the first
measure thatcountries should do according to international law and UNCLOS
1982, she said.-VNA